Perbedaan Free Software dan Open Source

Bismillahirrahmanirrahim.

  1. Open source pecahan dari free software[1].
  2. Free software mengajarkan menolak proprietary[2], open source tidak.
  3. Free software menekankan kebebasan yang empat[3] terjamin sampai kapan pun.
  4. Free software mengampanyekan etika sosial, open source mengampanyekan metodologi pengembangan[4].
  5. Kebanyakan orang mengenal Linux dan GNU dari open source, tidak dari free software[5].
  6. Free software lebih free daripada open source, karena semua free software pasti open source tetapi tidak semua open source itu free software[6].
  7. Free software selalu berbicara mengenai benar-salah, open source menghindari pembicaraan benar-salah[7].
  8. Open source pecah dari free software karena ingin menarik orang sebanyak-banyaknya ke free software, dengan cara pragmatis[8].
  9. Open source merupakan sisi marketing untuk free software[9].
  10. Open source berhenti pada source code[10], pada menarik orang masuk[11], pada produksi perangkat lunak yang powerful dan reliable, tetapi tidak pada memberi kemampuan bertahan pada orang yang masuk. Free software menekankan kemampuan bertahan pada orang yang masuk[12].
  11. Konsekuensi open source adalah adanya kemungkinan orang bisa ditarik kembali kepada proprietary[13] karena alasan powerful dan reliable pula. Free software menekankan kemampuan bertahan dengan pemahaman sehingga lebih sulit ditarik kembali kepada proprietary[15].
  12. Free software tidak melihat open source sebagai musuh[15], sama juga sebaliknya. Namun free software menolak untuk disebut open source[16] oleh karena ada perbedaan fondasi.

Referensi

[1] [“In 1998, a part of the free software community splintered off and began campaigning in the name of “open source.”.”, Why Open Source misses the point of Free Software, diakses 3 September 2015]

[2] [“Why would users decline? Only if they have learned...“, Why Open Source misses the point of Free Software, diakses 3 September 2015]

[3] [“When we call software “free,” we mean that it respects the users’ essential freedoms…”, Why Open Source misses the point of Free Software, diakses 3 September 2015]

[4] [“Open source is a development methodology; free software is a social movement.”, Why Open Source misses the point of Free Software, diakses 3 September 2015]

[5] [“Most GNU/Linux users were introduced to the system through “open source” discussion.“, Why Open Source misses the point of Free Software, diakses 3 September 2015]

[6] [“As far as we know, all existing free software would qualify as open source. Nearly all open source software is free software, but there are exceptions.”, Why Open Source misses the point of Free Software, diakses 3 September 2015]

[7] [“Most discussion of “open source” pays no attention to right and wrong, only to popularity and succes.“, Why Open Source misses the point of Free Software, diakses 3 September 2015]

[8] [“…founding member Michael Tiemann‘s words, to “dump the moralizing and confrontational attitude that had been associated with ‘free software'” and instead promote open source ideas on “pragmatic, business-case grounds.”…”, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open_Source_Initiative, diakses 3 September 2015]

[9] [“Some of the supporters of open source considered the term a “marketing campaign for free software,”…”, Why Open Source misses the point of Free Software, diakses 3 September 2015]

[10] [“However, the obvious meaning for the expression “open source software”—and the one most people seem to think it means—is “You can look at the source code.” That criterion is much weaker than the free software definition, much weaker also than the official definition of open source. It includes many programs that are neither free nor open source.“, Why Open Source misses the point of Free Software, diakses 3 September 2015]

[11] [“…it brings many people into our community, but does not teach them to defend it.“, Why Open Source misses the point of Free Software, diakses 3 September 2015]

[12] [“If we value our freedom, we can act to maintain and defend it.“, Why Open Source misses the point of Free Software, diakses 3 September 2015]

[13] [“Sooner or later these users will be invited to switch back to proprietary software for some practical advantage.“, Why Open Source misses the point of Free Software, diakses 3 September 2015]

[14] [“Attracting users to free software takes them just part of the way to becoming defenders of their own freedom.“, Why Open Source misses the point of Free Software, diakses 3 September 2015]

[15] [“We in the free software movement don’t think of the open source camp as an enemy…“, Why Open Source misses the point of Free Software, diakses 3 September 2015]

[16] [“If they have already come to associate us and our software with the word “open,” we may need to shock them intellectually before they recognize that we stand for something else.”, Why Open Source misses the point of Free Software, diakses 3 September 2015]

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